Italy’s Carabinieri

The Dastardly Past:  Italy’s Carabinieri.

On July 14, 1814, a national force charge with policing both the military and civilians was formed in Italy.  Still performing the same duties today, they are called the Carabinieri, and they have the Best. Hats. Ever.

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The Assassination of Jean-Paul Marat

The Dastardly Past:  the Assassination of Jean-Paul Marat.

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On July 13, 1793, the French scientist-turned-radical-revolutionary Jean-Paul Marat took a bath.  This was a common occurrence due to an uncomfortable skin condition from which he suffered—modern doctors suspect dermatitis herpitiformis.  Soaking with various salts and minerals allowed Marat to alleviate his symptoms temporarily.  Nevertheless, on this day while in his bath, he granted an audience to a woman named Charlotte Corday who claimed to have urgent business.  They spoke for several minutes before she produced a knife and stabbed him in the chest.  He bled out within seconds.  Corday, a royalist, was arrested and quickly executed.  Over the last two centuries, various artists and writers have immortalized this episode, and Marat’s bathtub is currently exhibited in a Parisian wax museum, the Musée Grévin.

Charles Guiteau

The Dastardly Past:  Charles Guiteau.

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On June 30, 1881, Charles Guiteau was hanged for the assassination of United States President James Garfield.  Guiteau was an attorney, whose various applications for a Federal appointments had been rejected.  Feeling personally resentful, he shot Garfield in the railroad station of the Baltimore & Potomac in July 1880, and Garfield died from infection two months later.  During his trial Guiteau offered this unique defense:  “The doctors killed Garfield.  I just shot him.”

Sir Thomas Lipton

The Dastardly Past:  Sir Thomas Lipton

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What better to accompany a good crime thriller or mystery novel than a cozy room and a cup of tea?  Today (May 10) we celebrate the 1850 birth of grocer and tea magnate Thomas Johnston Lipton, who popularized tea drinking in the United States and among the working classes of Great Britain.  Deciding that the cost of tea was far too high, Lipton purchased his own plantation in Ceylon in 1890.  He kept growing and shipping costs at a minimum, and sold his tea in packages of full, half and quarter, making it much more affordable for the masses to enjoy.

On This Day: Sirhan Sirhan

The Dastardly Past:  Robert F. Kennedy & Sirhan Sirhan

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Such a lovely spot for such a dastardly act.  The Ambassador Hotel.  Author’s collection.

On April 17 in 1969, a jury convicted Jordanian immigrant Sirhan Sirhan for the assassination of presidential candidate Robert F. Kennedy, whose support of Israel he  had become obsessed with.  Kennedy was gunned down in the kitchen of the Ambassador Hotel in Los Angeles.  He had just finished a speech and was shaking hands with one of the kitchen staff when the assassin began firing.  Kennedy took three shots; in the melee other people were hit but not seriously injured.  The busboy, who Kennedy had paused to greet, put his own rosary into Kennedy’s hands, and Kennedy was transported to a hospital where he died the following day.  Sirhan Sirhan continues to serve a life sentence in California.

 

Murder on the Santa Fe No. 7

The Dastardly Past:  Murder on the Santa Fe No. 7.

On a routine Thursday evening in July 1898, thirty-five years old engineer Joe Williams and thirty-year- old fireman Will Whitaker were in the cab of the locomotive for the No. 7 of the Gulf, Colorado, and Santa Fe passenger train, bringing it south to Fort Worth.  At 9:00 o’clock at night, they had little to think about other than completing their run to Galveston and maybe getting something to eat.

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Gulf, Colorado, and Santa Fe train railroad pass.  Found at San Jacinto Museum of History online Trains to Texas exhibiti, http://sanjacinto-museum.smugmug.com/OnlineExhibits/Trains-to-Texas/

The train was pulling out of the station at Saginaw, a tiny town eight miles north of Fort Worth, when two men, part of a gang of five, climbed onto the locomotive, scrambled over the top, and fired guns into the cab.  Whitaker took a shot in the head and died instantly.  Williams was shot in the leg.  The killers climbed down into the cab, pitched the two victims out into the darkness, and attempted to drive the train themselves.  They did it poorly.  Witnesses, both on and off the train, reported that it began to run strangely, with many jerks, jolts, and unusual noises.  It eventually stopped at a cut in a hillside several hundred yards from the station.

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Old tracks leading south from Saginaw station, 2016

Almost as soon as the villains brought the train to a stop, members of the sheriff’s department set upon them.  A gun-fight ensued, and all the gang member except one, a streetcar motorman name W. R. Petty, fled into the night with their lives but no loot.

A search party eventually found Whitaker’s body close to the tracks.  They found Williams alive some yards away.  He was in considerable pain but managed to relate what had happened.  Every hope existed for his recovery, but he died a several days later due to complications from his injuries.

The railroad’s general manager, C. F. Resseguie, expressed his outrage to the press at the profligate killing, and he offered a $500 reward on behalf of the railroad to augment the $50-per-head reward the state of Texas offered for the capture of the murderers.  Petty informed on the other members of the gang, and other witnesses were quick to come forward with critical information.

As lawmen pieced together the story, it became apparent that the gang completely lacked discretion in planning the job.  They discussed the details of their scheme several times in the open on the corner of 2nd and Main Streets in Fort Worth.  They dressed conspicuously and walked around as a group when they reconnoitered the station in the farming community of Saginaw and the route’s next stop at the stockyards in Fort Worth.  They even discussed their intentions with friends and co-workers, and at least one of them was thoughtful enough to tell his boss he was quitting his job as a hotel dishwasher the night before the robbery.

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Grave of Will Whitaker, Goldthwaite Cemetery, Mills County,TX
Image from FindaGrave.com http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GSln=whitaker&GSfn=will&GSbyrel=all&GSdy=1898&GSdyrel=in&GSst=46&GScnty=2686&GScntry=4&GSob=n&GRid=135326850&df=all&

With such a wealth of information to work with, law enforcement in Texas and the Indian Territory managed to apprehend all but one of the gang.  Petty, the informer, remained in jail for almost a year while giving testimony in the trials of his partners in crime.  He was later released and returned to civilian life in Fort Worth.

Two of the gang were convicted of conspiracy to rob.  One died within a few months of going to prison, the other was sentenced to two 99-year terms.  One of the men who shot into the cab of the train engine, twenty-five-year-old Jim Darlington, was convicted and sentenced to death.  He was hanged in front of 50 witnesses on the second floor of the Tarrant County Jail on July 28, 1899.

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Later view of the Tarrant Co. Courthouse

The Dastardly Past: Kodak

The Dastardly Past:  Kodak.

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Like Laurel with Hardy, like peanut butter with jelly, like Waffle House with people of the land, so too do cameras and detection belong together.  In 1888-89, Kodak introduced the first cameras that allowed people to simply point and shoot.  With the press of a button, photography shifted from a specialist’s pursuit to something almost anyone could do.  And they did—in droves—making Kodak the leader of popular photographic equipment, film, and film processing in the world.