The Dastardly Past: HM Holloway Prison.
In London in 1903, HM Holloway Prison became a single-sex prison for women. For the previous fifty years it housed both men and women, but the growing number of female felons demanded a larger facility for housing them. At one point, Holloway was the largest institution for the incarceration of women in Europe. In the twentieth century it housed many of Britain’s notable suffragettes, including Emmeline Pankhurst and, during the second world war, several English fascists, including Diana Mitford (wife of Sir Oswald Mosley). Holloway was rebuilt during the 1970s and 1980s and closed in 2016.